Does your child comprehend?
Your child should recognize the names of simple, common objects, familiar people, and action verbs.
Your child should understand new words each week, identify pictures in a book, know a few major body parts, and identify some common objects.
Your child should recognize many common objects and pictures when named. They should also be able to follow several simple directions.
Your child should be able to listen to simple stories, follow a two step command, and understand the concept of taking turns.
Your child should be able to correctly identify colors, understand “more” and “most”, and make inferences.
Your child should understand time concepts, understand qualitative concepts, and understand “-er” as “one who does something”.
Your child should understand passive voice tense, identify objects that don’t belong, and be able to order pictures from largest to smallest.
How your child communications through words, gestures, etc.
Your child should use anywhere from one to three words.
Your child should repeat some overheard words and begin to try to communicate with more words than gestures.
Your child should join words into phrases such as “more ball” or “bye mama”.
Your child should begin to use short phrases 3-4 words in length.
Your child should have a vocabulary of approximately 1000 words and be about 75% intelligible.
Your child should be able to name pictures in a book, tell how an object is used, and use possessives.
Your child should be about 95% intelligible, even to unfamiliar listeners.
Your child should be able to respond to “where” questions and complete analogies.
Your child should be able to repeat sentences, use adjectives to describe objects, use past tense forms of verbs (-ed), and describe similarities.
Your child should be able to define words, rhyme words, and repair grammatical errors.
At what age should a particular sound be mastered?
m, n, h, p, f, w, b, and d
k, g, and t
j and v
ing, l, s, r, ch, z, th, and sh
Fine Motor Development
Use this chart as a guideline. If your child is unable to do multiple tasks under his or her age range, then an Occupational Therapist referral might be necessary.
Able to pick up small objects using thumb and finger/fingers
Pokes and/or points with index finger
Holds crayon with whole hand, thumb up
Holds crayon with thumb and all fingers, forearm turned so thumb is pointing down
Puts on shoes, socks, and shorts; takes off shoes and socks
Can use a spoon independently, keeping it upright
Can draw and copy a vertical line
Strings large beads
Snips paper with scissors
Rolls clay/playdoh into “snake”
Can draw and copy a horizontal line
Able to complete simple puzzles
Can build a tower of nine small blocks
Can get himself dressed/undressed independently; only needs help with buttons; still confuses front/back for clothes, and right/left for shoes
Can feed self with little or no spilling
Drinks from a cup/glass with one hand
Can pour his own drink from a pitcher (if not too heavy)
Can place small pegs into small holes
Able to string small beads
Can hold a pencil with a “tripod grasp” (3 fingers), but moves forearm and wrist to write/draw/color
Can use scissors to follow and cut both straight and curved lines
Can manage buttons, zippers, and snaps completely
Can draw and copy a cross (one vertical and one horizontal intersecting lines)
Can hold fork using his fingers
Can feed self soup/cereal with little or no spilling
Folds paper in half, making sure the edges meet
Puts a key in a lock and opens it
Can get dressed completely by himself, and usually tie shoelaces
Cuts square, triangle, circle, and simple pictures with scissors
Uses a knife to spread food items (jelly, peanut butter, mayo etc.), uses a dull knife to cut soft foods
Able to draw and copy a diagonal line
Uses a “tripod grasp” on writing utensils (thumb & tips of 1st two fingers) and uses fingers only to write/draw/color
Can build a five block “bridge”
Sufficient hand coordination to cut out complex pictures, accurately following the outline
Able to copy a sequence of letters or numbers correctly
Able to complete complex jigsaw type puzzles